Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Constitution and Bylaws

ARTICLE (I) NAME
The organization shall be known as The Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, hereinafter known as the Society or SRU.

ARTICLE (II) MISSION STATEMENT
The mission of the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound is to advance the science, practice, and teaching of ultrasound in radiology, advocating the use of this safe, reliable and accurate imaging modality to ensure the highest level of patient care.

 ARTICLE (III) MEMBERSHIP
The categories of membership shall include:

1. General members

a.  Charter members

b.  International members

2. Fellows

3. Members-in-training

4. Transitional members

5. Honorary members

6. Emeritus members

7. Members-in-memoriam

(1) General members: A General member must be a physician who is certified by the American Board of Radiology, the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology or certified in radiology by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, or provide evidence of training, experience, and certification judged to be equivalent by the Executive Board. General members shall be engaged or interested in the practice of diagnostic ultrasound. Any General member or Fellow may recommend a candidate for membership in writing or a candidate may apply for membership directly. General members shall be required to pay their dues in a timely fashion as assessed by the Executive Board and shall have all the rights of membership in the Society including membership on committees, the holding of elective office, and full voting privileges.

(a) Charter members: Those General members who joined the society at its inception shall be known as Charter members. Charter members shall have the same rights and responsibilities as General members as defined in Article III, Section (1).

(b) International members:  Those General members who reside and practice outside Canada and the United States shall also be known as International members.  International members shall have the same rights and responsibilities as General members as defined in Article III, Section (1), and The Executive Board shall extend International members special consideration in the matter of dues and fees.

 (2) Fellows:

(a) Eligibility Criteria: To be nominated for Fellowship in the Society, the candidate must either: (1) have been a General member for at least three years by the date of proposed change to Fellow status; or (2) have a nomination endorsed by unanimous consensus of the Executive Board as an individual with high value to the organization and who merits special consideration for joining the organization without the requisite three year general membership history.  All candidates must be certified by the American Board of Radiology, the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology or certified in radiology by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada or other Board that in the judgment of the Executive Board is of equivalent rank; have a minimum of three years of experience post-residency training in diagnostic ultrasound; have two letters of recommendation from Fellows of the Society; have demonstrated special interest, effort and accomplishment in diagnostic ultrasound; have contributed substantially to the goals of the Society; and have submitted a formal curriculum vitae (CV) to the Executive Board.

(b) Candidates: Prior to the annual election of Fellows, the Executive Board will prepare a list of candidates’ names, which will consist of all nominees for whom the required material (a CV and two letters of recommendation) was submitted and who are judged by the Executive Board to meet the eligibility criteria for Fellowship specified in Article III (3) a. This list, together with the candidates’ CVs and letters of recommendation, will be distributed to all Fellows in advance of the Fellows meeting.

(c) Election of New Fellows: Fellows will be elected using procedures specified in the most current policy set forth by the Executive Board.

(d) Rights and Responsibilities. Fellows may participate in all activities of the Society, including membership on committees and the holding of elective office, and shall have full voting privileges. Fellows are required to participate fully in the scientific and professional activities of the Society as determined by the Executive Board and to pay their dues in a timely fashion. Fellows must attend the Fellows’ meeting or general membership meeting, which are held during the annual meeting, at least once every two years.

(e) Revocation of Fellowship Status: Fellowship status may be revoked if a Fellow has two consecutive unexcused absences from the annual meeting. Any Fellow who has had two consecutive unexcused absences from the annual meeting shall be notified by the President within 30 days following the annual meeting, via e-mail or regular mail, return receipt requested, and shall be given 30 days from receipt of the notice to request an excused absence. Requests for excused absences shall be reviewed by the Executive Board. The President shall notify the Fellow of acceptance or rejection of the request for excused absence within 30 days of its receipt. If no response to the notice by the President is received within 30 days, the President shall notify the Fellow that his/her Fellowship has been terminated. Decisions of the Board shall be final. Upon termination of Fellowship status, the individual will automatically be considered a General member of the Society. As a General member, the individual may apply for reappointment as a Fellow in the standard manner only after serving three years as a General member and after fulfilling all of the requirements for Fellowship.

A Fellow who fails to pay dues for two consecutive years shall be notified by the President within 30 days following the deadline for payment, via e-mail or regular mail, return receipt requested. The Fellow shall be given 30 days from receipt of the notice to pay dues or request an extension. Requests for an extension shall be reviewed by the Executive Board. The President shall notify the Fellow of acceptance or rejection of the request within 30 days of its receipt. If no response to the notice by the President is received within 30 days, the President shall notify the Fellow that his/her Fellowship has been terminated. Decisions of the Board shall be final. As provided in Article VIII, Section 11, a Fellow dropped from Fellowship status for non-payment of dues may be eligible for reinstatement as a Fellow upon payment of any unpaid dues and a reinstatement fee that the Society Executive Board shall establish.

(f) Voluntary Relinquishment of Fellowship Status: A Fellow may voluntarily relinquish Fellowship status by submitting a letter to the President. Upon relinquishment of Fellowship status, the individual will automatically be considered a General member of the Society. A Fellow who relinquishes Fellowship status will have any already paid dues applied to General membership for that year, but will forfeit any already paid dues in excess of the amount required of general members. A General member who has relinquished Fellowship status may apply for reappointment as a Fellow in the standard manner only after serving three years as a General member and after fulfilling all of the requirements for Fellowship.

(3) Members-in-training: Members-in-training must be serving in or accepted in a radiology residency accredited by the Diagnostic Radiology Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or equivalent organization, or be serving in or accepted into a post-residency fellowship program of at least 1 year in duration. Training status must be verified by the program director. The Executive Board shall extend Members-in-training special consideration in the matter of dues and fees. Members-in-training shall not have the privilege of voting or holding elective office. Upon completion of training, Members-In-Training shall be offered General membership provided they meet the requirements specified in Article III (1).

 (4) Transitional members: Transitional membership shall be available to individuals who have completed a radiology residency program accredited by the Diagnostic Radiology Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education or equivalent organization during the previous year, or who have completed such a residency program immediately followed by a post-residency fellowship program during the previous year. The annual dues will be one-half of the dues for General members. After one year of Transitional membership, the individual shall be offered General membership, provided that he/she meets the requirements specified in Article III (1) Transitional members shall be required to pay their dues in a timely fashion as assessed by the Executive Board and shall have all the rights of membership in the Society including membership on committees, the holding of elective office, and full voting privileges.

 (5) Honorary members: Honorary members shall be individuals who are not eligible for membership in other categories but who have rendered valuable service to the principles of the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound. Honorary members shall be selected by the Executive Board and shall not be required to pay dues, may not vote, hold office, or be a member of or chair of any Society standing committee.

 (6) Emeritus members: Emeritus membership shall be established to honor and retain those Fellows of the Society who no longer choose to be active Fellows due to retirement, long-term disability or similar reasons. A Fellow may request Emeritus status by submitting a letter to the President. Emeritus status may be granted by a majority vote of the Fellows at the annual Fellows’ meeting. Emeritus members are exempt from payment of dues. They shall retain voting privileges but shall not have the privilege of holding elective office. Upon payment of the yearly Fellowship dues, an Emeritus member may attend any meeting and have full rights and privileges for that year. Emeritus members may have their status converted back to Fellow upon written request.

 (7) Members-in-memoriam: The category of Members-in-memoriam is automatically conferred on those individuals who have died while being either a Fellow or Emeritus Member of the Society. A list of the Members-in-memoriam shall be maintained by the Secretary as part of the membership roster.

 Any dues-paying member suffering serious financial hardship or long-term illness may request a waiver of dues for one (1) calendar year. All such requests must be made in writing, directed to the President, and specifying the reason for the request. All waivers of dues for financial hardship or illness are at the discretion of the SRU Executive Board and a member making such a request will be notified in writing of the Board’s decision. If a dues hardship persists for more than one (1) calendar year, a written request must be submitted for each subsequent year.

 ARTICLE (IV) OFFICERS, EXECUTIVE BOARD, EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

 Each officer shall be a member in good standing of the Society. The officers of this Society shall be the Secretary, Treasurer, President-Elect, President, and Immediate Past President, in this order of succession. Exceptions to the order of succession are that if the position of Immediate Past President becomes vacant, it shall not be filled until the current President’s term of office expires and he or she automatically assumes the position. In the event of an unexpected vacancy in the four elected positions, each officer shall move up to the next more senior position, with the President appointing a member to serve as Secretary, the lowest elected office in the hierarchy, until the next general membership meeting, when a slate of nominees will be presented to and voted on by the membership.

 (1) President: The President shall be the chief executive officer of the Society and shall have general active management of the business of the Society. The President may execute and deliver in the name of the Society any deeds, mortgages, bonds, contracts, or other instruments pertaining to the business of the Society, including, without limitations, any instruments necessary or appropriate to enable the Society to donate income or principal of the Society to or for the account of such organizations, causes and projects described in the Constitution and Bylaws of the Society as the Society was organized to support, and, in general shall perform all duties usually incident to the office of President. He/she shall preside at all meetings and gatherings of the Society and shall perform such other duties and exercise such rights as this Constitution and Bylaws or parliamentary procedure may require. The President is empowered to appoint qualified individuals to committees, including on an ad hoc or temporary basis, to appoint the chairs of those committees, and to create special committees for particular purposes as necessary.

The President shall be an ex-officio member of all committees and has the right but not the obligation to participate in the proceedings of the committees.

 (2) President-Elect: The President-Elect shall assist the President in the discharge of his/her duties. The President-Elect shall have such powers and shall perform such duties as prescribed by the President. The term of office of the President-Elect shall end at the conclusion of the general membership meeting at which time he/she succeeds to the office of President. The President-Elect shall be an ex-officio member of the Media Committee and the Training and Outreach Committee and serve as the Executive Board’s representative to these committees.

 (3) Treasurer: The Treasurer shall be the custodian of all funds of the Society and shall be accountable for their safekeeping. The Treasurer shall receive all fees, dues, and assessments from members and all monies, including gifts, bequests, donations, and grants belonging to the Society. The Treasurer shall promptly deposit or ensure that all such monies, drafts, and checks are deposited, in the name of and to the credit of the Society in such banks, trust companies, or other depositories as selected by the Executive Board. The Treasurer shall, in like manner, keep a current, complete, true and correct record of all receipts and disbursements and all financial transactions of the Society. The Treasurer must prepare a detailed full financial report and present a budget for the following year to the President and members at the general membership meeting. The Treasurer shall be an ex-officio member of the Program Committee and the Corporate Affairs Committee and serve as the Executive Board’s liaison to these committees. The Treasurer shall faithfully perform the duties of his/her office in the manner set forth and forthwith, upon the expiration of the term of office, hand over to the successor in office all money, papers, record books, or other property belonging to the Society.

 (4) Secretary: The Secretary shall conduct the correspondence and perform all other duties that usually pertain to the office of Secretary. He/she shall keep or cause to be kept a correct and permanent record of the proceedings of the Society. The Secretary shall be secretary of, and when present, shall record the proceedings of meetings of the members and of the Executive Board. The Secretary shall receive the reports of all committees and shall file them with other Society transactions subject to the order of the Executive Board. When so directed, the Secretary shall give proper notice of a meeting of the Fellows, members, or of the Executive Board. The Secretary must record or designate the recording of the minutes of the annual Fellows’ meeting and the minutes of any business conducted at the general membership meeting and prepare and promptly circulate or have circulated these minutes to the appropriate members. He/she shall keep a current list of the members and Fellows of the Society specifying their current addresses and their membership classification. The Secretary shall provide for the safekeeping of all records and transactions of the Society. The Secretary shall act as editor-in-chief of the quarterly Society newsletter. The Secretary of the Society shall be an ex-officio member of the Membership Committee and the Research Committee and serve as the Executive Board’s liaison to these committees. The Secretary shall complete all business to be performed during his/her term of office and promptly hand over all documents and papers to the successor at the expiration of his/her term of office. To ensure continuity, the Secretary shall be responsible for the preparation of the minutes and any other documents pertaining to the general membership meeting at which his/her term of office has ended and a successor appointed.

 (5) Immediate Past President: The Immediate Past President shall assist the President in the discharge of his/her duties. The Immediate Past President shall have such powers and shall perform such duties as designated by the President. The term of office begins after the general membership meeting when the President-Elect assumes the position of President. The Immediate Past President shall be an ex-officio member of the Professional Practice and Sonographer Relations Advisory Committees and serve as the Executive Board’s liaison to those committees.

 (6) Executive Board: The property and affairs of the Society shall be managed by its Board of Directors, herein designated as the Executive Board. There shall be no limit on the number of terms that any individual can serve. The Executive Board shall consist of the President, President-Elect, Treasurer, Secretary, and the Immediate Past President of the Society. The Executive Board shall manage the property, affairs, and the business of the Society. Three or more members of the Executive Board shall be required to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any Executive Board meeting. The act of a majority of the members present at any meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Executive Board. At each meeting of the Executive Board, the President, or in his/her absence, the President-Elect or the next highest-ranking officer in succession shall preside. The Executive Board shall meet at the general membership meeting. Notice of such meeting need not be given. The Executive Board may hold any meeting at such time and place as it may from time to time determine to be necessary. The Executive Board is charged with the responsibility of examining the records of candidates proposed for Fellowship and making its recommendations to the Fellows at the annual Fellows’ meeting. The Executive Board shall conduct the election of candidates to Fellowship at the annual Fellows’ meeting. The Executive Board shall be responsible for the Constitution and Bylaws and may be called upon to interpret the Constitution and Bylaws when questions arise. The Executive Board shall prepare and submit amendments to the Constitution and Bylaws as detailed in Amendments, Article 10, and has the right to edit, reword, or combine those amendments having the same intent to prepare them for presentation to the membership. The Executive Board shall distribute, or have distributed, the proposed amendment or amendments in writing to the Members thirty days prior to the vote at the general membership meeting or at a special meeting where the amendment or amendments are to be considered.  The Executive Board will make the final selection of society awards. The Executive Board shall be responsible for overseeing the Society’s investments and for the activities of the SRU Foundation.

 (7) Executive Director: The Executive Board may appoint an Executive Director for a term and stipend to be determined by the Executive Board. The Executive Director may not be a member of the Society. The Executive Director, under the direction of the Executive Board, shall manage and conduct the business of all offices of the Society; be empowered to enter into any contract or deliver any instrument in the name of the Society; sign all checks, drafts or other orders for payment of money, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued in the name of the Society; deposit all funds of the Society to the credit of the Society in such banks, trust companies, or other depositories as the Executive Board directs; be the custodian of all the important documents of the Society; keep an accurate record of all the Society activities; assist the Secretary in maintaining accurate records of all Society activities and meetings as may be directed; and assist the Treasurer in maintaining accurate financial records of the Society. The Executive Director may delegate any of his/her powers, with or without restrictions, to an employee or agent of the Society.

 ARTICLE (V) ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND TERMS OF OFFICE

 (1) Qualifications: Candidates for the position of officers of the Society shall have been members in good standing for at least three consecutive years.

 (2) Term of Office: The term of office of the President, the President-Elect, the Treasurer, the Secretary, and the Immediate Past President shall be one year. All officers shall serve without compensation.

 (3) Election of Officers: Officers of this Society shall be elected at the general membership meeting. A slate of nominees shall be presented by the Nominating and Awards Committee. Additional nominations may be made from the floor by a General member, Fellow or Emeritus Fellow of the Society. Nominations shall be made for the following officers: the President-Elect, the Secretary, and the Treasurer, as these positions become vacant.

 (4) Voting: In electing officers, each member in good standing may cast one vote for any nominee in each position to be filled. The nominee having the greatest number of votes shall be declared elected.

 (5) Resignations: Any officer may resign at any time by giving written notice of his or her resignation to the Executive Board. Any such resignation shall take effect at the time specified therein, and, unless otherwise specified therein, the acceptance of such resignation shall not be necessary to make it effective.

 (6) Removal: Any officer may be removed, by a majority vote of the General members and Fellows of the Society present at the general membership meeting or at a special meeting called for such purpose, and such purpose shall be stated in the notice of such meeting, provided that there is a sufficient number of Fellows present to constitute a quorum. A quorum consists of one-half of the Fellows.

 (7) Vacancies: Vacancies on the Board that arise from resignation, removal, or physical incapacity will be filled at the next Annual Fellows Meeting.  Remaining Board members will endorse a candidate who must be approved by more than half of the Fellows voting at the meeting.

 ARTICLE (VI) COMMITTEES AND EXECUTIVE COUNCIL

 The Society will maintain committees to execute and administer the Society’s activities in the following domains: Membership, Program, Research, Education/Training, Professional Practice, Corporate Affairs, Nominating and Awards, and Social Media.  In addition to these standing domains, the Society may pursue activities through committees addressing other domains.  Domains may have more than one committee, but each committee must have a unique focus and purpose within any given domain.  Committees will be organized by Executive Board policy, which will define the name, focus, and purpose of each committee, and these will be known as the committees of the Society.  Once formed, a committee will exist for at least 2 years, after which it will continue to exist unless reorganized by a change in Executive Board policy.  In addition to the committees of the Society, the Executive Board can create ad-hoc groups (known as ad-hoc committees) outside of Executive Board policy to pursue other Society activities and interests.  Ad-hoc committees shall terminate on the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor. 

 Each committee of the Society will have a chair and vice-chair.  Both the chair and vice-chair of each committee must be selected from one of the eligible classes of membership of the Society. Appointees to committees need not be Society members in any category.  However, if individuals are eligible for Society membership in any category, they must become members of the Society before they can be appointed to a committee.  Committee chairs and members may be reappointed to the committee on which they serve. If the reappointment is made during the term of one SRU President and will extend into the term of the next President, the decision to reappoint may be made jointly by the current and incoming presidents.

 (1) The Executive Council shall consist of the members of the Executive Board, the chairs and vice-chairs of the committees of the Society, the editor of Ultrasound Quarterly, a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Board of Radiology and, if members of the society, the Chair of the ACR Commission on Ultrasound and a representative of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM). Of these members, the members who are included based on being on the Board of Trustees of the American Board of Radiology will not be voting members.  Also, vice-chairs of the committees of the Society will not be voting members unless that individual is the sole representative of the committee at the Executive Council meeting. The President of the Society may name other temporary non-voting members to the Executive Council on an as-needed basis to serve at the discretion of the President; however, each such appointment shall terminate on the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor in that office. The Executive Council shall aid the Executive Board in coordinating and planning the various activities of the Society. It will assist the Executive Board to promote the scientific, educational, and professional concerns in ultrasound clinical practice, education, legislation, research, and instrumentation as they apply to the goals of the Society and help to determine policies and positions of the Society. The Executive Council shall meet at the direction of the Executive Board. Notice of such meeting need not be given. The Executive Council may hold additional meetings at such time and place as it may from time to time determine to be necessary. The chair of the Executive Council shall be the President of the Society, or in his/her absence the President-Elect or next highest-ranking officer in succession.

 (2) The Membership Committee shall  be appointed by the President. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Membership Committee shall be responsible for member recruitment and retention. The Secretary is the ex-officio member of the Membership Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee.

 (3) The Program Committee shall be appointed by the President, at least two of whom shall be Fellows. Each member shall serve a three-year term. The Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The Vice-Chair shall be a Fellow appointed by the President and shall be responsible for organizing and arranging the annual Fellows’ meeting including organizing and conducting the scientific session for the Fellows. The Program Committee, under the direction of the Chair and Vice-Chair, is responsible for organizing and conducting any educational meetings for the General members of the Society, including the general membership meeting of the Society, under the direction of the Executive Board, and is specifically responsible for the educational and scientific portions of this meeting. Should the Chair be unable to fulfill his/her duties, the Vice-Chair shall assume these duties and a new Vice-Chair and additional committee member shall be appointed by the President to fill the vacancy. The Treasurer of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Program Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee.

 (4) The Research Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed by the President from among these members. The President of the Society may name other temporary voting or non-voting members to the Research  Committee on an as-needed basis to serve at the discretion of the President; however, each such appointment shall terminate on the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor in that office. The Research Committee is responsible for review of any research abstracts that may from time to time be requested for the annual meeting or otherwise by the Executive Board, including the Member-in-Training Award. The Research Committee shall make a recommendation to the Executive Board for the winner of any research abstract award being made by the Executive Board. The Research Committee is also responsible for encouraging and fostering research in ultrasound imaging and for establishing criteria and evaluating submissions for Society research grants. If a member of the committee submits an application for a research grant, is a coauthor for such an application or has a colleague from the same institution who submits such an application, the member of the committee must be recused from participating in evaluating that round of applications. If one or more members recuse themselves from participation in evaluating a round of applications, the President of the Society may appoint temporary replacement member(s) to evaluate that round of applications. The Secretary of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Research Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that Committee.

 (5) The Corporate Affairs Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The Corporate Affairs Committee is responsible for fostering a relationship and maintaining a liaison with the various commercial and industrial corporations that interact with the Society. The Committee has the responsibility of determining and monitoring ways in which the resources available in the industrial and commercial sectors can be utilized by the Society and, in turn, how the Society can cooperate with the industrial and commercial sector to meets its standards and objectives. The Committee shall be responsible for fund-raising activities or obtaining corporate sponsorships necessary for any Society activity or program. The Committee shall be responsible for arrangements or activities involving corporate participation or interaction with the general membership meeting. The Corporate Affairs Committee will cooperate with the Program Committee to make such arrangements. The Treasurer of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Corporate Affairs Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that Committee.

 (6) The Nominating and Awards Committee shall be appointed by the president.. The Nominating and Awards Committee is responsible for presenting a slate of nominees for officers of the Society to the membership at the general membership meeting.

 (7) The Professional Practice Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The President of the Society may name other temporary, non-voting members to the Practice Committee on an as-needed basis to serve at the discretion of the President; however, each such appointment shall terminate on the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor. The Immediate Past President is an ex-officio member of the Professional Practice Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee. The Professional Practice Committee is responsible for monitoring standards of ultrasound practice, including nomenclature and coding, assessing accreditation policies, and for developing policies and procedures relating to the clinical practice of ultrasound. The Professional Practice Committee is responsible for recommending to the Executive Board any issues or topics that they believe should be discussed at the business section of the general membership meeting and may be asked by the Executive Board to contribute to the content of this portion of the meeting.

  (8) The Sonographer Relations Advisory Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The President of the Society may name other temporary, non-voting members to the Sonographer Relations Advisory Committee on an as-needed basis to serve at the discretion of the President; however, each such appointment shall terminate on the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor in that office. The Immediate Past President of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Sonographer Relations Advisory Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee. The Sonographer Relations Advisory Committee shall explore how the SRU can advance its relationship with the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography and sonographers and improve the career opportunities for sonographers in radiology practices in a way that is mutually beneficial.  The president of the SDMS or his/her designee shall be invited to meetings of the sonographer relations advisory committee.

 (9) The Media Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice-Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The President-Elect of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Media Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee. The Media Committee shall be responsible for the Society’s website, Society communication through social media, liaison with the publisher of the Society’s official journal, and development of the Image Soundly theme.

 (10) The Training and Outreach Committee shall be appointed by the President. Each member shall serve a two-year term. The Chair and Vice Chair shall be appointed from among these members by the President. The President-Elect of the Society is an ex-officio member of the Training and Outreach Committee and serves as the Executive Board’s representative to that committee. The Training and Outreach Committee shall be responsible for the development and updating of ultrasound curricula for both medical schools and radiology residency programs in the United States. The Training and Outreach Committee shall also explore ways in which the Society can help to advance the use of ultrasound as a medical imaging modality in developing countries.

(11) Ad Hoc Committees: The President shall have the power to appoint such other committees as he/she may deem advisable during his/her term of office; however each such committee shall terminate upon the expiration of the President’s term of office unless continued by his/her successor in that office. Each committee shall have duties and term of office as determined by the President.

 (12) Committee Vacancies: If any person is appointed to a committee or position and is unable or unwilling to serve, the President may appoint another active member to serve until the next general membership meeting at which time the normal procedure for committee appointment will be followed.

 (13) Notification: Notification of appointment to a committee and the dates of the appointment shall be made in writing by the President within thirty days following the general membership meeting.

 ARTICLE (VII) MEETINGS

 The Society shall meet regularly, at the direction of the Executive Board, to provide for an exchange of scientific information, for the presentation of ultrasound information to the medical community, and to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas defining the direction and role of ultrasound as a subspecialty within the field of radiology.

 (1) Meetings: At least once annually, the members of the Society will organize a general membership meeting that will consist of an educational and scientific meeting for the members. The general membership meeting will also include a business session in which items relevant to the Society will be discussed under the direction of the President. The Program Committee has the responsibility for organizing and conducting this meeting under the direction of the Executive Board and is specifically responsible for its educational and scientific portions. The Executive Board is responsible for the conduct and content of the business session of the general membership meeting.

An annual Fellows’ meeting shall be held in conjunction with the general membership meeting. The Vice-Chair of the Program Committee is responsible for organizing and arranging the annual Fellows’ meeting under the direction of the Executive Board. All Fellows shall be notified of the date and place of the annual Fellows’ meeting at least three months in advance of the meeting. Attendance at the annual Fellows’ meeting shall be restricted to Fellows. Attendance at the Fellows’ meeting or the general membership meeting shall be mandatory for all Fellows at least every other year.

 (2) Special Meetings: Special meetings may be called at any time by the President of the Society by giving reasonable notice in advance of the place, time and purpose of the meeting to the members. No other business other than that specified in the notice of the special meeting shall be transacted.

 (3) Rules of Order: In absence of any provisions to the contrary in these bylaws, all meetings of the Society shall be governed by the parliamentary rules and usages contained in the current edition of Sturgis’ Standard Code of Parliamentary Procedure.

 ARTICLE (VIII) INDEMNIFICATION, OFFICES, BOOKS, RECORDS, FINANCES

 (1) Direct Indemnification: To the full extent specifically authorized by, and in accordance with the procedure prescribed in, Section 108.75 of the Illinois General Not For Profit Corporations Act (or the corresponding provisions of any future statute applicable to corporations organized under that Act), the Society shall indemnify any and all of its directors, officers, committee members, employees, agents and other authorized representatives for expenses and other amounts paid in connection with legal proceedings (whether threatened, pending or completed) in which any such persons become involved by reason of their serving in any such capacity for the Society.

 (2) Insurance: Upon specific authorization by the Executive Board, the Society may purchase and maintain insurance on behalf of any or all officers, committee members, employees, agents, or other authorized representatives of the Society against any liability asserted against any such person and incurred in any such capacity, or arising out of the status of serving in any such capacity, whether or not the Society would have the power to indemnify them against such liability under the provisions of Section 1 of this Article.

 (3) Offices: The Society shall have and continuously maintain in the state of Illinois a registered office and a registered agent whose office is identical with such registered office, and may have such other offices inside or outside the state of Illinois as the Executive Board may from time to time determine.

 (4) Books and Records: The Executive Board shall cause to be kept the records of all Society proceedings and any other such records and books of account as shall be necessary and appropriate to the conduct of the Society’s business. The Executive Board shall cause to be kept at the registered office of the Society originals or copies of the records of all proceedings of the Fellows and Officers and the Constitution and Bylaws of the Society, and the Articles of Incorporation, and all amendments thereto.

 (5) Contracts: The Executive Board may authorize any officer or officers or agent or agents of the Society, in addition to the officers so authorized by these bylaws, to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of and on behalf of the Society, and such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.

 (6) Checks, Drafts, Etc.: All checks, drafts, or other orders for the payment of money, notes, or other evidences of indebtedness issued in the name of the Society shall be signed by such officer or officers or agent or agents of the Society in such manner as shall from time to time be determined by resolution of the Executive Board. In the absence of such determination by the Executive Board, such instruments shall be signed by the Treasurer and countersigned by the President of the Society.

 (7) Deposits: All funds of the Society shall be deposited from time to time to the credit of the Society in such banks, trust companies, or other depositories as the Executive Board may select.

 (8) Gifts: Any officer or the President may accept on behalf of the Society any unrestricted or unconditional contribution, gift, bequest, or devise for the general purposes or for any special purpose of the Society. Any restricted or conditional contribution, gift, bequest, or devise may be accepted only by the Executive Board on behalf of the Society.

 (9) Fiscal Year: The fiscal year of the Society shall begin on the first day of July in each calendar year and end on the 30th day of June in each calendar year, but may be changed at the discretion of the Executive Board.

 (10) Waiver of Notice: Whenever any notice is required to be given under applicable law, the articles of incorporation, or the bylaws, waiver thereof in writing signed by the person or persons entitled to such notice, whether before or after the time stated therein, shall be deemed equivalent to the giving of such notice.

 (11) Dues: The amount of dues for the Fellows shall be approved by a majority of the Fellows attending the annual Fellows’ meeting immediately preceding the calendar year in which dues are payable. The amount of dues for the General members shall be approved by a majority attending the general membership meeting immediately preceding the calendar year in which dues are payable. The dues of this Society shall be due and payable at the beginning of each calendar year. Membership may be terminated for non-payment. If an individual General member or Fellow is terminated from membership for non-payment, such former member or Fellow shall be eligible for automatic reinstatement upon payment of outstanding dues and a reinstatement fee established by the Executive Board. Any former member or Fellow seeking membership after failing to pay dues for four (4) years or more may obtain membership only by applying as a new member.

 (12) Finances: Funds for conducting the affairs of the Society may be raised by such initiation fees, tuitions, and annual dues as are imposed on the members by the Executive Board or through voluntary contributions, dues, bequests, and other gifts and in any other manner approved by the Executive Board.

 (13) Audit: The Executive Board shall cause the records and books of account of the Society to be audited at such times as it may deem necessary or appropriate.

 (14) Earnings: No part of the net earnings of the Society shall inure to the benefit of any private individual.

 ARTICLE (IX) DISSOLUTION

 (1) Dissolution: Upon the dissolution of the Society, the Board of Directors shall, after paying or making provision for the payment of all the liabilities of the Society, dispose of all the assets of the Society exclusively for the purposes of the Society in such manner, or to such organization or organizations, which are then qualified as exempt within the meaning of Section 501(c)(6) or Section 501(c)(3) (but only if the purposes and objective of such organization(s) are similar to the purposes and objectives of the Society) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (or the corresponding provisions of any future United States internal revenue law), as the Executive Board shall determine.

 ARTICLE (X) AMENDMENTS

 (1) Amendments: This Constitution and Bylaws may be amended at any time and from time to time in any manner prescribed or permitted under the articles of incorporation. Adoption of an amendment requires an affirmative vote of two-thirds of the General members and Fellows of the Society present at the business session of the general membership meeting, or at a special meeting of the Members where the amendment or amendments are to be considered.

 (2) Process: Proposed amendments or an amendment to this Constitution and Bylaws may be initiated by the Executive Board or may be initiated by a petition from any fifty fellows and/or general members. The Executive Board shall distribute, or have distributed, any proposed amendment or amendments in writing or through electronic means to the Members thirty days prior to the vote at the general membership meeting or at a special meeting where the amendment or amendments are to be considered.

 ARTICLE (XI) Action Authorization Without a Meeting

A conference among the Executive Board by telephone where the Executive Board may simultaneously hear each other during the conference constitutes a meeting of the Executive Board, if the same notice is given of the conference as would be required for a meeting, and if the number of members participating in the conference is a quorum. If an issue is not resolved after such a conference call, it may be resolved by a vote of a majority of the members of the Executive Board by electronic means, such as e-mail.

 Amended by unanimous approval at the members’ business meeting October 6, 2018.